Deuce of Clubs Book Club: Books of the Weak

I'm a Lebowski, You're a Lebowski

Guy Debord: Revolutionary

No Place to Hide

Command of Office

The Christ-Myth Theory And Its Problems

The Christian Delusion

Lincoln's Wrath

How to Do Nothing with Nobody All Alone by Yourself

The Sexy Book of Sexy Sex

Bossypants

Zombie Spaceship Wasteland

Catching the Big Fish

Dig Infinity

The True Adventures of the Rolling Stones

Crazy for God

Basin and Range

Anarchy Evolution

The File

John Ringo

The Supremes

End the Fed

Burning Book

The Hohokam Millenium

God's Middle Finger

Narcocorrido

In Heaven Everything Is Fine

The Shunning

Wisdom Sits in Places

The Marvelous Country

Hamilton's Curse

The Secret Life of Houdini

The Trouble with Being Born

Schulz and Peanuts

First Into Nagasaki

Joe Miller's Jests

Human Smoke

Dirty Tricks Cops Use

A Futile and Stupid Gesture

All For A Few Perfect Waves

Systemantics

Death in the Desert

American Signs

Secret Proceedings and Debates of the Constitutional Convention

Secrets Of A Stingy Scoundrel

The Self-Made Tapestry

A Constitutional History of Secession

The Neurotic's Notebook

Interrogation Machine

Monster Midway

The Harlot by the Side of the Road

Forced Into Glory

Imperial Life in the Emerald City

J. G. Ballard: Quotes

The Compleat Practical Joker

Laugh with Hugh Troy

Pranks!

A Liar's Autobiography

Cobb

Chasing Rainbows

Letters from Tucson, 1925-1927

The Five Fosters

The Giant Cactus Forest and Its World

How to Cheat Your Friends at Poker

World Famous Cults & Fanatics

That's Not All, Folks!

God's Problem

Will Christ Return By 1988?

Fragments of an Anarchist Anthropology

The Whiskey Rebellion

FDR's Folly

Wilson's War

Bully Boy

[If] I Did It

The Dark Side

Secret Origins of the Bible

Godless

The End of Faith

Why I Became An Atheist

"Life's Calendar for 1922"

Churchill, Hitler, and the Unnecessary War

The Negro Cowboys

EXPECT RESISTANCE

Monty Python Speaks

Baseball Between the Numbers

The Psychopath's Bible

Satisfaction

J. G. Ballard: Conversations

Days of War, Nights of Love

Gospel Fictions and Who Wrote the Gospels?

The Real Deadwood

Deadwood

The Revolution: A Manifesto

45

The Secret Man

Stormin' Mormon

From Psyche to Soma

I'll Gather My Geese

The Osama bin Laden I Know

Alias "Paine"

A Man Without Words

The Wild Trees

The World Without Us

Arizona's Changing Rivers

The Phoenix Indian School

Realm of the Long Eyes

John Dillinger: The Life and Death of America's First Celebrity Criminal

Buckey O'Neill: The Story of a Rough Rider

Thanks For Tuning In

Adventures in the Apache Country

Waylon: An Autobiography

My Life: Sunrise to Sunset

Mimes and Miners: A Historical Study of the Theater in Tombstone

The First 100 Years: A History of Arizona Blacks

Enter Without Knocking

City in the Sun: The Japanese Concentration Camp at Poston, Arizona

House by the Buckeye Road

Vanished Arizona

The Big Con

The Astronomy Cafe and Back to the Astronomy Cafe

A Handbook on Hanging

The Sinner's Guide to the Evangelical Right

A Mind Restored

Mr. Show: What Happened?!

Reclaiming the American Revolution

Stumbling On Happiness

Treasure Maps of the Superstitions

Sunny Slope

Did Genesis Man Conquer Space?

Look Homeward, America

Radicals for Capitalism

Kayaker's Little Book of Wisdom

God Is Not Great

The Echoing Green

The Secret Life of the Lonely Doll

K Foundation Burn a Million Quid

The Facts of Life and Other Dirty Jokes and The Tao of Willie

Just Six Numbers and Our Cosmic Habitat

Wild Goose Chronicles

Behind Bars: Surviving Prison

Silent Night: The Story of the World War I Christmas Truce

The Gang They Couldn't Catch

Manhunt

A History of the End of the World

Al Sieber: Chief of Scouts

Apaches & Longhorns

Deep Survival

Captured

DINO

Sock

Bo: Pitching & Wooing

You Are Worthless

You And Your Hand

Access All Areas

Field Guide to the Apocalypse

The War on Terrorism

Those Idiots From Earth

September 11: An Oral History

Mortal Questions

The Heresy of Self-Love

The White Flag Principle

Medieval Panorama

An Honest President

Those Words

À rebours

Peterson's Incident Report Book

Boo! Culture, Experience, and the Startle Reflex

Victory Denied

Nothing, Arizona

A Porcine History of Philosophy and Religion

O Holy Cow!: The Selected Verse of Phil Rizzuto

DOME COMPENDIUM OF TOPICAL TREATMENT IN PROCTOLOGY

¿Hablas conmigo

Thirty-three Candles

Black Monk Time

Men of Distinction

Alexander the Corrector

Space Viking

Mark These Men

Hallucinogenic Plants

Prohibition: An Adventure in Freedom

JESUS! He's Our President

LOVE

How to Watch Football on Television

Merrill Markoe's Guide to Love

Lincoln: The Man and The Car

Whatever Men Know About Women

Biographies of Italian War Heroes

ABC of Espionage

Art Colony Perverts

Devil-ution

Starting Right with Bees

Planet Earth is a Cult

Baseball Letters

Fetish

Dopey Doings

Democracy: The God That Failed

Handgrenade Talk

Hi, How Are You?

het zingen van het ijs

The Museum of Jurassic Technology Jubilee Catalogue

The Rector and the Rogue

Colorful Cacti of the American Deserts

Odd Jobs: The World of Deviant Work

The Hungry Man's Outdoor Grill Cookbook

How to Get Invited to the White House

How to Work for a Jerk

Never Work for a Jerk!

The Mentality of Apes

Your Vigor for Life Appalls Me

Dr. Strange: Sorceror Supreme

Nautical Notions for Nibbling

A Short Introduction to the History of Human Stupidity

The Fake Revolt

Coup D'Etat

History of the Town of Felicity

Hood of Death

Dolls' House Bathrooms: Lots of Little Loos

Border Security / Anti-Infiltration Operations

Living on Light

God is for Real, Man

Did the Apostle Paul Visit Britain?

Twin Peaks

2001

Power Phrases

The Truth About Wagner

The Life of the Bee

Tombstone

Science Looks at Smoking

The Chiricahuas

The New Dark Ages Conspiracy

The Big Question

Everybody's Book of Epitaphs

The Death of the Fuhrer

Mindfuckers

Gorbachev! Has the Real Antichrist Come?

The World's Worst Poet

Alyssa Milano: She's the Boss

Home is the Desert

Nine Lives: From Stripper to Schoolteacher

How to Start Your Own Country

How to Found Your Own Religion

Sex Objects in the Sky

Indian Oratory

Bastard Without Portfolio

The Bedside Book of Bastards

Hopeless -- Yet There Is Hope

Bible in Pocket, Gun in Hand

Margie Asks WHY

Death of a Hippie

Wake Up or Blow Up

Feeling and Form

Guilt

A Mile in His Moccasins

Mojave Desert Ramblings

Passing of the Outhouse

This Way to Happiness

The Happy Life

Young Only Once

The Monkey Gland Affair

Bert Bacharach's Book for Men

The Two Babylons

For Good and Evil: The Impact of Taxes...

Why Christians Crack Up!

Why Do Christians Break Down?

Hava Nagila!

Beethoven or Bust

How to Abandon Ship

Livin' in Joe's World

The Last Democrat

Salvation Mountain

The Varmint and Crow Hunter's Bible

Love in the Western World

Jack the Ripper: Light-Hearted Friend

Little Men of the NFL

No One May Ever Have The Same Knowledge Again

The Secret Museum of Mankind

James Bond's World of Values

We Did Not Plummet Into Space

The Boy Who Didn't Believe IN CHRISTMAS

The Great Escape From Your Dead-End Job

All About Tipping

My Loser Godfrey

A Haircut in Horse Town

Mucusless Diet Healing System

Jefferson Returns

Lincoln Returns

Churchill Returns

Corporation Freak

Null Bock auf DDR

So You're Going on a Mission?

Nudes in My Camera

Why I Hate the Nazis

Flesh, Metal & Glass

The James Beard Cookbook

Mortal Refrains

Deadbolt

Amy Grant: A Biography

The X Cars

We Were Five

Mr. Wilson's Cabinet of Wonder

Hello ... Wrong Number

I'll Kill You Next!

Murder in Vegas

Did MAN Just Happen?

Terror at the Atlanta Olympics

Criswell Predicts

Your Next Ten Years

They Pay Me to Catch Footballs

The Phantom Menace

Just For Fellows

The Lopsided Gal

Astrology and Horse Racing

The Cokesbury Stunt Book

The Origin of Things

Remarks on the History of Things

U.S. Government Sewing Book

Funeral Tributes II

Blinky, the Friendly Hen

The Serbs Choose War

My Mystery Castle

Iggy

Funeral Customs the World Over

The Right to be Let Alone

Mormonism and the Negro

The Church and the Negro

Preacher with a Billy Club

Fighting Parson of the Old West

Invisibility: Mastering the Art of Vanishing

How to Disappear Completely

The Gentle Art of Making Enemies

How to Catch a Man, How to Keep a Man, How to Get Rid of a Man

Langenscheidts Konversationsbuch

Marlene Dietrich's ABC

The Bible in the Hands of Its Creators


The First 100 Years: A History of Arizona Blacks

Richard E. Harris (1983)

 

Mary Green . . . was the first Negro resident in Phoenix. (3, caption)

Concerning interracial marriages, which were declared illegal by the new Statehood Constitution of 1912, a researcher offered an apparent illustration of how the matter had been dealt with. "There are people in Tucson of Negro descent but who identify themselves as white," he said. In a sampling of 20 Negroes, he claimed that only three had married within their race. Among the others, three married Indians, five wed Mexicans, one an Anglo and the other, a French woman. The rest of the 20 had not married, but all were property owners, he added. The findings seemed an indication of the new-found advantages and freedoms of Blacks in their western homes. (7)

His name was Jeff. Period. A cowboy in the most romantic sense, riding herd, breaking wild mustangs, gun-battling with rustlers or sheepherders, or carousing with the "boys". He came to the Holbrook-St. John area with the Greer family in 1877. The powerful clan from Texas soon came in conflict with neighboring Mexican sheepherders over territorial and grazing rights. First, it would be the sheep herds shot at and scattered. Then the Mexicans would retaliate and stampede the Greer cattle.
Eventually girding for more trouble, the Greers brought in both Anglo and Black cowboys for reinforcement. The sheepherders, in response, drafted gun-slingers from New Mexico. These moves prompted caution on both sides, and an uneasy peace prevailed by 1883, as the Mexicans controlled the town of St. John's, the Apache County seat. The Greers, meantime, enjoyed the friendship and influence of the Territorial government and the judiciary. In an obvious ruse, the Mexicans invited the Greers to a fiesta, promising a bargain basement cattle sale. Instead of seeing the traditional bull fights and fire-cracker display the shocked guests found themselves ambushed by blazing gunfire. Only Jeff and two other cowboys managed to escape after Jeff was wounded while covering for his buddies. Two Mexicans were killed and the Greers were jailed on murder charges at Holbrook. Sixteen Mexican deputies tried to get permission from the judge to take Jeff and his companions back to St. Johns to stand trial. Certain for sure that the three would never reach St. Johns alive, the jurist refused their request. The cowboys were ultimately freed.
Some accounts say that Jeff, after 20 years of ranch life, its hard ships and excitement, went to Los Angeles to work as a taxi driver. (22-3)

Nat Love, the ex-slave who left Tennessee because "smart Negroes were not much in demand" went on to ride through the ribald, rugged new West to prove that he was an excellent Black cowboy as well as a proud American. His deeds, his escapades, sometimes hilarious, sometimes blood-curdling, his broad itinerary, his love affairs, however, were not to be overlooked or hidden away. He penned his own "The Autobiography of Nat Love, Alias Deadwood Dick" in 1907 for all the curious to peruse. (28)

By the 1890's when the frontiers were virtually settled, Nat at the age of 36, decided to settle down. As a Pullman porter, he traveled on an "Iron Horse", eventually marrying in Los Angeles. In putting on paper his life story, "Deadwood Dick" evidently spiced it with a bit of horse drippings. But what autobiographer hasn't? (30)

Bouse Wash, located on U.S. Highway 60 between Hope and Brenda, was to be something of an Utopia for some 500 "Pilgrims" from Los Angeles in 1925 before realizing they had been hoodwinked by a city slicker. Mrs. Rosie Riley, along with her late husband said they first learned of the lands while attending church services. "Two white fellows came to our services in Los Angeles, and told our people they had located some good homesteading land," she explained. "They said they would survey it, lay out the section lines—all this for a dollar an acre. They also promised to dig wells until an irrigation canal was built."
Nothing ever happened, except that the swindlers skipped with the money gotten from the approximately 300 acres that most of the families purchased. The lands they brought were located in a low section which always flooded during heavy rains. Somebody named the section "Nigger Flats" which stuck for a long time. Most of the families gradually pulled stakes and returned to California or Phoenix, as did Mrs. Riley. Clarence Thomas was one of the few to remain. In the late '70's, while employed nearby as a porter, he reflected on his sad experience. "I came here to be a farmer, but they wouldn't even write insurance on us. We couldn't even borrow money enough to bring us water or buy equipment. People came here with a dream of having their own land and being their own boss. It was terrible for us." (40)

Around this same period of time, another group of Negroes from southern states purchased a sizeable plot of land 40 miles south of Phoenix, between Gila Bend and the little town of Maricopa. They named it Mobile, after the Alabama city from which some had migrated. Lack of adequate water, naturally, was the biggest problem for the 58 families; their only source was from the property of the little adobe school. (40-1)

A special fleet of trains pulled out from McNary, Louisiana, in 1924, transporting approximately 700 lumbermill hands and their families to a town in Northern Arizona which the company executives would call McNary, just as a newborn baby may be named after its dying father. Those folk were beholden to the Cady Lumber Company whose lands were virtually denuded of trees after years of being over-worked. It was said that the company owner, A. Cady, had too much respect and faith in his Black employees to leave them suffering in the barren southern site. It cost a small fortune to corral the special locomotives pulling passenger and box-cars and flatbeds to the northward hegira. The families brought all their possessions, including fowl, pigs, cattle and pets. (43)

When the area around the little town of Randolph, 60 miles southwest of Phoenix, began blossoming out as an agricultural oasis in the late '20's, farmers were hurting for field hands. But thanks to the farm labor contractors who were paid $25 for each live body delivered, farmers were getting the needed labor. At first the migrants had to make their homes in crowded accommodations provided during the August-through-March harvest seasons. Eventually though most of the workers and their families managed to rake up enough money to build their own homes of slightly better grade. (44-5)

"Once we couldn't never get any water worthwhile. We had to pay $2 a barrel for it to be hauled to our homes," he continued. "But folks got tired of that and started leaving Randolph. Ain't much of a town no more, except old folks and children. Soon as the children grow up, they go, too." (45)

Records show that a Moses Green, in 1870, was the first Arizona-born Negro. (47)

As it was put by a 92-year old who came to Arizona in 1916 after stays in Georgia and Oklahoma: "At least they didn't lynch you here, like they did back there." Harassment and rank discrimination, yes, but no record of lynching of Blacks in Arizona are found. (51)

Ms. Irene Rosser, a daughter of early Phoenix residents Richard Rosser, recalled in 1976 of seeing hooded Klansmen march into the First Colored Baptist Church, dropping coins in the collection plate, then silently marching out. As a young lady then her thoughts were, "They were just telling us to stay in our places." (52-3)

For Negroes in Tucson, the state's second largest city, the story surrounding education and schools, was somewhat different. A few "influential coloreds" had requested a segregated school, though elementary classes had always been integrated. In early 1912, school trustees caught in the middle of controversy between Negroes who wanted segregation, and those who did not, acceded to the former faction. (63)

Johnnie Credille, the first graduate of the Phoenix Union Colored High in 1918, later finished Howard University. William Clay, 1919, became an orchestra in Los Angeles. [Sic] (66)

Phoenix Union Colored High [was] later renamed Carver High School. (67)

The town of Scottsdale, adjacent to northeast Phoenix, and which termed itself "The West's Most Western Town", was completely out-of-bounds for permanent Negro residency. However, it made one exception in 1959 when the Boston Red Sox baseball team, under pressure from the Massachuesetts [sic] Anti-Discrimination commission for not hiring Negro players, got concessions to house its first non-white players, Pumpsie Green and Earl Wilson, in the second rate "Hitching Post" motel. All white players were roomed at the first-class Safari Hotel. In contrast to this action was the stand taken by Leo Druoucher [sic; Durocher], manager of the New York Giants, one of several major league teams holding spring training in Arizona. The flamboyant Duroucher [sic; Durocher], according to informed sources, demanded that his Negro players be accepted at the prestigious Phoenix Adams Hotel along with his 50-member squad. So, Willie Mays was among the first Negroes to room at the Adams. (96)

NBC and independent KPHO also had Black reporters, and KPHO also inaugurated the long-running "Get It On" weekly Black talk show. (110)

While accounting for only a small percentage of the electorate in any Arizona municipality or county, Blacks have elected members of their race to councilmanic seats. (119)

[JOHN BARBER (came to Phoenix in 1918):] When I came here, the Mormons mostly ran things, and they had funny ideas about us. Didn't think we had any soul or could go to Heaven. They've changed now, I hear. (125)

[WESLEY LARRIMORE (came to Phoenix in 1920:] All the barber shops except one, was owned by Colored, who cut everybody's hair. The Adams Hotel building always had a Negro barber. The women had beauty shops—Mrs. Walker was one. Negroes also had a few cafes and restaurants. Interesting how Caucasians would let us use razors and scissors on them, then wouldn't trust us in their places. (129)

[LARRIMORE:] Do I think genealogy is important for young folks? Youngsters got too much of nothing on their minds. No, I don't think so, unless they're educated. Ask the young ones about it, and they don't know what you're talking about. (130)

[H. B. JACKSON (came to Arizona in 1923:] When the timber began to run out in McNary [Lousiana], the town's name, the company made plans to move their entire operation to Cooley, Arizona. They renamed it McNary, and most of the colored workers and their families started moving to Arizona in 1922-23. They were brought, along with their pets, live stock and furniture, in flat-beds, box-cars and passenger coaches. Our family left in 1923 on the trip that took four days. The workers paid part of their fares, and the company, the other part. (131)

[DR. LOWELL C. WORMLEY (came to Arizona in 1942):] My next position was as chief of surgery at the Poston Hospital, near Parker, serving the Japanese who were in the internment camp there. I had always liked Arizona, so after six months at Poston, I decided to set up practice in the state. (139)

A hardy lady of pioneering spirit and keen foresight, Margaret J. Campbell apparently nurtured a prophetic vision of the Twenty-first Century. More than 40 years before the current vogue towards underground homes, she made it an accomplished reality in Tucson.
For Mrs. Campbell the two-level home she dug with her own hands, was a chance to be rid of the dust, wind, noises, insects and arthritic pains that bothered so many Arizonans. This remarkable lady did not merely sit around staring at the earthen walls when her project was completed. She found time to study and learn German, French, Spanish, Arabian and Hebrew. She also taught piano lessons to youngsters.
Perhaps, most remarkable, Mrs. Campbell who died at the age of 71, wrote and published a novel Iba, The Dawn, a thoroughly fascinating tale of adventure and romance. She relates an exciting saga of men who rebuilt the world after the Great Flood.
The story pictures Africa as the Cradle of Civilization, where Noah walked and conversed with God. One of the characters, says significiently, "Seek to discern Beauty in all things that God has created. For it pleaseth them to have varities in forms, varities in color; even in the skin of men."
Born in North Carolina, one of 10 children, she was raised in Cincinnati. Her love for reading and writing came quite naturally, for her father had published books of poetry and essays, she said. For health reasons, she came to Tucson in 1942, and started her underground domicile a few years later, in the rear of her residence at 1926 South Santa Rita Ave.
"You know," she once said, "my neighbors thought I was a little cracked when I started this digging. Now, they're not so sure. Lately some have started about doing the same thing."
Mrs. Campbell had another reason, other than health, for going underground. "For many years I dreamed the earth was to be overcome by polar icebergs," she revealed, "In my dream I see the sun disappear and the earth start cooling, covered with ice. I really believe this may happen in the next 200 years." (141-3)


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